CUTTING- EDGE SCIENCE October | 2020 THE ROLE OF THE PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE IN PREVENTION OF OFFENSES IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND INCREASING THE QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY OF EDUCATION
Deputy Director of Specialized branch of
Tashkent State University of Law,
PhD in Law
Abstract.In this article the author will discourse about the importance of the role of prosecutor's office in prevention of offences and the influence of meetings and propaganda activities organized by prosecutor's office to the students and personnel of higher educational institutions, as well as, quality and efficiency of education itself. Moreover, the article contains argumentations on the importance of increasing legal culture and legal knowledge, in addition, informing general public (including higher educational students and personnel) about their rights and duties. Furthermore, the author examines several measures directed to prevent offences among students and personnel of higher educational institutions. Key words: Prevention, legal culture, higher educational institutions, students and personnel, propaganda, prosecutor's office, meetings, activities. In the process of judicial and legal reforms in the Republic of Uzbekistan, special attention is paid to the prevention of offenses.The decrease of criminal offences in society, in turn, indicates increase in legal literacy and legal culture of citizens. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. Mirziyoyev said: "It is necessary and compulsory to strengthen preventive work in the fight against crime, especially, radically change the work at the lower level" . One of the important conditions for ensuring the rule of law is the unconditional implementation of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the normative legal acts adopted on its basis, strict adherence to them. It should be noted that the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Crime Prevention" was adopted, and defines the main tasks of crime prevention as follows: ensuring the protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the individual; raising legal awareness and legal culture in society, strengthening the rule of law, as well as the formation of an intolerant attitude to corruption; to identify, study the causes of violations and the conditions that allow them, to take measures to eliminate them; social rehabilitation and social adaptation of victims of offenses, persons prone to offenses, offenders, including those previously convicted and released from places of imprisonment; reducing the risk of individuals becoming victims of crime; ensuring cooperation and coordination of the activities of bodies and institutions directly involved in crime prevention and partici pating in it . One of the most important issues in the country is the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, and the right of citizens to education is the object of protection at the level of constitutional law. Therefore, it is very important to provide guarantees to protect the rights and legitimate interests of learners. Prevention of delinquency in higher education is one of the main tasks in the direction of legal reform. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh.M. Mirziyoyev said: "We consider it our primary task to improve the work of all parts of the education system in accordance with modern requirements". 81 October | 2020 CUTTING- EDGE SCIENCE It is clear that today our place in the rapidly developing world competitive market depends on the quality of personnel trained by our higher educational institutions. Therefore, ensuring the quality of education in higher educational institutions should be considered as one of the main and most important issues. Competitive, high-quality training cannot be achieved without ensuring the quality of education. The main purpose of crime prevention in higher educational institutions is not to punish offenders, but to take appropriate measures to improve the quality and effectiveness of education. An offense is a violation of the order established by society and established by law, or the rules of social life in general . An offense is a socially dangerous act committed by a subject with legal and communication capacity, which contradicts to the requirements of legal norms and causes damage to the person, property, the state and society as a whole . Legal advocacy activities carried out by the prosecutor's office play an important role in preventing crime in higher educational institutions and improving the quality and efficiency of education. Such measures have a positive impact on the legal education of students and serve to prevent them from committing various offenses. Legal education is a concept that represents the process of continuous assimilation of legal knowledge into the culture and consciousness of members of society through various tools of influence. Legal education tools include legal advocacy, legal education and practice, and self-education. Legal education is the process of forming the legal consciousness and legal culture of students, inculcating in minds their rights and duties . One of the main tasks of the prosecutor's office is to monitor the implementation of legislations regarding the activities of higher educational institutions. It should be noted that the prosecutor's office is a state body with the opportunity and authority to examine and to get acquainted with the problems and shortcomings of all areas of life, including higher education. In addition,by the prosecutor's office personnel,exceptadministering prosecutor's office, the preparation of relevant procedural documents and other control functions, the special attention is paid to organization ofpropaganda activities for enterprises, organizations, institutions, including higher educational institutions, teaching personnel, teachers and students, informing the public about violations and their consequences, as well as, making appropriate proposals and recommendations that will serve the activities of the higher educational institution to prevent crime and to ensure the quality and effectiveness of education. The organization of legal propaganda and a series of meetings aimed at raising the legal culture in higher education will allow students and personnel to develop legal awareness, i.e. increase the level of legal knowledge and become more aware of legal information. According to G.M. Kurbanova, "Laws alone are not enough in the process of forming the legal culture of students in the higher educational system, and legal propaganda and advocacy, legal culture, events on social issues by social institutions will also help. Having legal knowledge, legal upbringing, enlightenment and culture, the habit of considering the laws sacred and acting without questioning them should become a human quality of every person. Legal culture plays an important role in the adoption of legal norms of the state, the implementation of legal initiatives, the application of legal norms in everyday life, the regulation of various social relations between people". Legal culture is the level of legal knowledge of people, a conscious attitude towards the law, respect for and observance of the law . According to SS. To'raeva, Z.S. Shaimkulova, "Legal culture is a person's behavior 82 CUTTING- EDGE SCIENCE October | 2020 and attitude to the rule of law and the rules established by the state. Legal culture is an integral part of a person's overall culture. In order to have a legal culture, it is necessary to follow the law, to act in accordance with the law. Legal culture means not only knowing and realizing one's rights, but also devotion to the people, honesty, respect for the rights of others, devotion to the Motherland and making good deeds as a vital princi ple" . As the role of law in the regulation of social relations grows, so does the importance of the rule of law mechanism, which is a necessary condition for the implementation of law. According to Z.B. Usmanova, "... organizational work aimed at acquainting young citizens with their rights and responsibilities, as well as information in all areas relevant to them, providing comprehensive information about the huge reforms taking place in our country leads to enrichment of the level of knowledge, worldview, intellectual potential of students . According to G'.N. Pirnazarov, "The low level of legal culture includes ignorance of the law and the legislation, its social, political and economic significance in society, lack of understanding of basic legal concepts, as well as inability to identify a legal problem when analyzing a particular situation and inability to assess attitudes to offenses at all" . The low level of legal culture among students and employees of the educational institution leads to various offenses committed by them, as well as, causing difficulties in introducing a positive experience into the learning process and achieving innovative changes in the activities of the institution of higher education, which strives to train comprehensively mature, honest and dedicated personnel. Therefore, by the personnel of the prosecutor's office, in cooperation with the judiciary, law enforcement agencies, advocacy, legal education institutions and other legal professionals, it is essential to conduct advocacy activities aimed at preventing violations in higher educational institutions, regular roundtables and legal training of students and personnel, as well as, to bring to the attention of students and personnel of higher educational institutions the methodological materials that serve to enhance their culture. Taking into account the above, it is expedient to take the following measures to prevent offenses and improve legal culture in higher educational institutions: first, regularset of preventive educational activities, meetings and roundtables with the partici pation of prosecutors aimed at preventing possible violations by students and personnel of higher educational institutions; secondly, conducting competitions aimed at further increasing and strengthening the legal knowledge and literacy of students and personnel of higher education institutions; thirdly, to accelerate the production of videos, short films and documentaries, TV projects, audio materials on violations committed by students and personnel of higher educational institutions and their negative consequences, and to inform the general public(including higher educationstudents and personnel) through television, radio, social networks. 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